Our lesson today is about Arabic sun and moon letters, which are important for pronouncing and understanding Arabic words. In Lesson # 3, we have seen how to use the article al- before words to make them definite, such as “the” in English. However, since al- becomes part of the word, its pronunciation sometimes changes according to the first letter of the word.
This pronunciation can change by removing the “L” sound from al-, and doubling the sound of the next letter, using shaddah, which we learned in Lesson # 2.
Example: al-nahr (the river) >> an-nahr
When does this happen? It happens when the first letter of the word belongs to a group of letters called al-huroof ash-shamseyyah (sun letters). However, if the first letter is from the other group (al-huroof al-qamareyyah), al- is pronounced normally.
In this lesson, we will see which letters are sun letters and which are moon letters, and we will show an example sentence for a word beginning with each letter, together with al- .
A phrase for memorizing moon letters:
ابغ حجك وخف عقيمه
(roughly meaning “pursue your pilgrimage, and be concerned about it being futile”)
Any letter among these is a moon letter:
The rest are sun letters
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2 thoughts on “Lesson 6 – Arabic Sun and Moon Letters الحروف الشمسية والقمرية”
Hello. Why are they designated to the sun or moon?
Hi! Arabic teachers usually make the example:
Stars do not appear with the sun, but they appear with the moon. Similarly, sun letters make the laam disappear, while the laam is still there with the moon letters. Hope this example makes it clearer.
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