Learning Arabic personal pronouns is an important step in learning Arabic grammar. In Modern Standard Arabic, personal pronouns are along three axes: person, number, and gender. In this regard, Person means either first person (such as “I” and “we” in English), second person (e.g. “you”), and third-person (he/she/it/they). On the other hand, “number” means either singular or plural, while gender means male or female.
First Person Pronouns (Singular (I): anaa أنا – Plural (we): nahnu نحن)
In Arabic, there are two first-person pronouns, similar to English.
Second Person Singular Pronouns (you) (Male: anta َأنت- Female: anti أنتِ )
Second Person Dual Pronouns (you) (antuma أنتُما)
Second Person Plural Pronouns (you/y’all) (Male: antum أنتُم – antunna أنتُنَّ)
Third Person Singular Prounoun (Male (he): huwa هُوَ – Female (she): hiya هِيَ)
Third Person Dual Pronouns (they) (humaa هُما)
Third Person Plural Pronouns (they) (Male: hum هُم – Female: hunna هُنَّ)
Possessive Pronouns in Arabic are not separate words but are added to the end of nouns. They follow the same distribution of person, number, and gender as personal pronouns that we learned last week. Today we will learn possessive pronouns with examples.